15 December, 2014
Resolution on Ukraine
Adopted by the UEF Federal Committee, Brussels, 13 December 2014

The Federal Committee of the Union of European Federalists
in reference:

- to the resolution on Relaunching Europe's Foreign Policy and Defence Policy adopted at its meeting in Brussels on 13-14 June 2014;
- to the outcome of the UEF-JEF Foreign Affairs Seminar in Vienna which took place on 18-19 October 2014;
- to the Statement on ongoing tensions in Ukraine adopted by the Young European Federalists at their meeting in Bologna on 1-2 November 2014;
having regard to:
- the EU-Ukraine Association Agreement;
- the Conclusions of the Foreign Affairs Council meeting of November 17;
- the report by Human Rights Watch “Crimea: Human Rights in Decline” and the report on the human rights situation in Ukraine by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights;

The Union of European Federalists

TAKING INTO ACCOUNT the strong public support in Ukraine for its European future;

CONFIRMING that the Union of European Federalists supports the freedom and European aspirations of the Ukrainian people and is ready to work together with civil society organisations in Ukraine;

RECALLING that art. 49 TEU, as well as the Copenhagen criteria, clearly define the legal conditions and obligations for a European state to join the European Union (EU); highlighting the fact that such a decision to join the EU can only come from a sovereign decision of the people of Ukraine and the Ukrainian state;

RECALLING the urgent humanitarian crisis in Ukraine and the problem of internally displaced persons;

1.    Calls upon the EU to provide the necessary financial assistance of the order of a “Marshall Plan” for Ukraine, necessary to rebuild stability and peace;

2.    Calls upon the EU to give political support to Ukraine’s reforms and stabilisation process, especially on the fight against corruption, on decentralization and on reform of the justice and security sectors; and therefore welcomes the launch of the EU Advisory Mission for Civilian Security Sector Reform Ukraine (EUAM Ukraine);

3.    Welcomes the adoption of the EU-Ukraine Association Agreement; considers it necessary to proceed to a full and rapid implementation of the agreement, as well as a speedy ratification by all EU Member States;

4.    Calls upon the EU to strongly support Ukrainian civil society and promote exchanges and people mobility between Ukraine and the EU member states;

5.    Calls upon the EU to reconsider the implementation of Ukraine-EU Readmission Agreement;

6.    Welcomes the results of the Ukrainian elections on 26 October as an important step in Ukraine’s aspirations to consolidate its democratic development;

7.    Condemns the violation of Ukraine’s territorial integrity and the annexation of Crimea and Sevastopol by the Russian Federation and calls for the withdrawal of Russian forces and illegal equipment from Ukrainian territory and for respect of the ceasefire by all parties; calls upon the European Union to create the conditions for enabling the dialogue among all the parties involved in order to ensure the respect of the Ukrainian people;

8.    Further condemns Russia’s support for the so-called elections held by separatists in Donetsk and Luhansk and the creation of a frozen conflict on Ukrainian territory, actions which impedes the stabilization of the country and make the realisation of Ukraine’s European path more difficult;

9.    Deplores the deterioration of human rights protection in Crimea and in the regions of Donetsk and Luhansk;

10.    Recalls that federalism could be part of the solution for the enhancement and stabilization process of the Ukrainian state, as it would allow to peacefully manage conflicts and guarantee the protection of minorities;

11.    Warns of the increasing insecurity of some EU member states, especially the Baltic States, which feel threatened by Russia, and believes that NATO cannot be the only security provider in Europe;

12.    Calls for strengthened European solidarity and the enhancement of the Common Foreign and Security Policy to enable the EU to act as a security provider and to restore trust in the EU and among member states. The main goal should be make European citizens be secure;

13.    Calls for the overcoming of the current intergovernmental method in the Common Security and Defence policy. In this regard, stresses the need to link the struggle for the necessary completion of the EMU with a fiscal, economic and political union, with the one for the creation of the first embryo of a true supranational, single European Foreign and Security Policy;

14.    Emphasises that the difficulties in the Eastern Partnership were caused by a lack of political leadership in the project and calls upon the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs & Security Policy/Vice-President of the European Commission to start a debate on how to reframe this fundamental EU tool, to make it a viable economic and political project for the countries in the Eastern Partnership;

15.    Believes that there is a need for the EU to re-engage with Russia in order to end this period of instability. The EU must rethink the security architecture of the European continent, which was based on cooperative relationship with Russia, and finally agree on a common strategy towards Russia. International law and institutions must become the basis of security and stability on the European continent again.


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