A EUROPEAN INTEGRATED FORCE FOR AN AMBITIOUS PERMANENT STRUCTURED COOPERATION

By FRANCESCO GUERZONI

 

This paper aims at showing a possible concept for a Permanent Structured Cooperation designed to provide the CSDP with a European Integrated Force. The first chapter clarifies what concrete objectives such a PESCO should have, the second chapter outlines its structure and legal basis whereas the third chapter shows how PESCO could set up a European Integrated Force, how participating Member States could align their defence cycles and give the EIF a high degree of strategic autonomy. The third chapter also gives some ideas on what relationship could PESCO have with neutral EU Member States and on how it could become the European pillar of NATO. Read more...

BUILDING A COMMON DEFENCE IN A FEDERAL UNION: WHAT CAN EUROPE LEARN FROM THE U.S. EXPERIENCE?

By DOMENICO MORO

 

This paper explores what lessons Europe can learn from the history of the United States in the development of a federal defence. It first focuses on the history and the challenges of the concept of “dual army” as core feature of the US defence framework since its creation. The US experience shows to Europe that a one-step leap from national armies to a single federal army is hardly possible and that a dual army system, consisting of a federal army dedicated mainly to external operations and national armies mainly dedicated to territorial defence in the strict sense, is more realistic for large continental federal states. Read more...

FOR A FEDERAL EUROPEAN UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE SCHEME
By DOMENICO MORO

This paper strives to identify how a European Unemployment Insurance Scheme (EUIS) could benefit the euro area which characteristics it should have. It examines the US Unemployment Compensation system, providing considerable insight on the stabilising effects that could be expected from an EUIS, as well as illustrating how a federal-level system can be conciliated with a variety of state social regulations. The paper proposes the creation of an EUIS fully managed at the European level, able to cover a significant part of short-term unemployment benefits. Read more...

ENHANCED COOPERATION AND ECONOMIC AND MONETARY UNION: A COMPARISON OF MODELS OF FLEXIBILITY
By GIULIA ROSSOLILLO

Many have proposed that enhanced cooperation might be a useful instrument to complete the Economic and Monetary Union. This prospect presents some problematic aspects, on account of the difficulty of reconciling an instrument designed to provide geographical flexibility and a particular form of differentiation – the EMU – with its own defined membership and which is increasingly tending to constitute a veritable subsystem within the European Union. Read more...

THE UKRAINIAN CRISIS: LESSONS FOR EU'S FOREIGN AND DEFENCE POLICY

By ELISA LIRONI

When the Ukrainian crisis started in 2013, with the EuroMaidan protestors flooding the whole country from east to west, the EU was baffled and uncertain on how to react. After more than one year from its beginning, the crisis has led the EU to take concrete actions and rethink its relations with Ukraine and Russia, but it has also revealed the limits of EU’s foreign and security policy. The lack of a rapid European response to the Ukrainian crisis has also shown how the EU must rethink the Eastern Partnership, as a concrete instrument to foster solid relations with its eastern neighbours, and analyse how to re-engage with Russia in a cooperative way. Read more...

A BUDGET FOR THE EURO AREA: OBJECTIVES, PROCEDURES AND INSTITUTIONS
By DOMENICO MORO

This paper analyses the measures possible to take within and outside the Treaties to strengthen the economic governance of the eurozone, before finally discussing the prospect of equipping it with its own budget, and analysing its objectives, the procedures possible to establish it, and the institutional mechanisms to manage it. Read more...

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